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Licia He

Personal Biography

Shiqing (Licia) He is a Chinese generative artist and a human-computer interaction researcher dedicated to creating artistic expressions through technological innovations. With a Ph.D. in Information Science and a Bachelor of Science degree in Studio Art and Computer Science, Licia currently resides in London (United Kingdom) as a full-time artist, focusing on capturing and presenting information around her through visual art. Fascinated by the possibilities of human-machine collaboration, Licia’s explorations led her to combine generative art with robots, bridging her digital and physical painting practices through pen plotters. 

She previously served as an assistant professor at Texas A&M University, School of Performance, Visualization, and Fine Art (Texas, United States), where she founded the Generative Craft Lab. Licia is best known for her code-based, robot-rendered art. Her works have been exhibited and collected worldwide through venues such as Art Blocks, Bright Moments, and Feral File.


Robotically-rendered drawings and paintings have a rich history of delivering code-based art to the physical world. Despite this deep connection, common perceptions towards robotically-made paintings remain stereotyped and incoherent. While many view robot-rendered art as a threat to handmade art, others consider robots too simple to create anything beyond basic geometrical graphs. I am passionate about deepening our understanding of the relationship between machines and creative expression: how machines are not merely enhancing creative expression; they enable creative expression.

Through this project, I aim to examine robots’ potential in finding new frontiers of traditional painting techniques that involve challenging materials. Specifically, I plan to focus on exploring two directions: natural pigment and paste-like paints.

  1. Painting with mineral and other natural pigments robotically: Compared to conventional painting materials like watercolor and oil paint, mineral pigments are much more challenging materials to paint with: they require more customized binder mixing, specific brush movement, and complicated layering techniques. I am interested in examining if and how human-robot collaboration could extend the expressiveness and affordance of this ancient artmaking material.
  2. Creating impasto paintings with robots: impasto painting is a mark-making technique that creates 3D texture using thick paint. Typically painted with palette knives, impasto paintings are known for their exciting texture and complicated layering methods. I am interested in identifying a set of robotic gestures that can apply thick paint expressively. I also want to compare how the differences and similarities between robot and human gestures would result in different textures.


Name: Shiqing He (Legal Name)

Licia He (Preferred name for all mentions/prints/displays)



Instagram: @blahblahpaperblah

Twitter: @licia_he